A supertree analysis and literature review of the genus Drosophila and related genera
Kim van der Linde &
Insect Systematics and Evolution 39(3): 241-267.
In the 17 years since the last familywide taxonomic analysis of the
many studies dealing with a limited number of species or groups have been published.
Most of these studies were based on molecular data, but morphological and chromosomal
data also continue to be accumulated. Here, we review more than 120 recent studies
and use many of those in a supertree analysis to construct a new phylogenetic
hypothesis for the genus Drosophila and related genera. Our knowledge about the
phylogeny of the genus
and related genera has greatly improved over the past two decades, and many clades
are now firmly supported by many independent studies. The genus Drosophila
is paraphyletic and comprises four major clades interspersed with at least five
other genera, warranting a revision of the genus. Despite this progress, many
relationships remain unresolved. Much phylogenetic work on this important family
remains to be done.